Lean manufacturing tools for support production process and their impact on economic sustainability

  • Jorge Luis García- Alcaraz ,
  • Adrián Salvador Morales García,
  • José Roberto Díaz Reza,
  • Silvia Paola Audeves Rubio,
  • Emilio Jiménez Macias,
  • Manuel Arnoldo
  • a,b,d, Department of Industrial Engineering and Manufacturing, Autonomous University of Ciudad Juarez, Av. del Charro 450 Norte, Col. Partido Romero, Ciudad Juarez 32310, Chihuahua, México
  • a,c,f Department of Industrial Engineering, Tecnologico Nacional de México/I.T. Ciudad Juárez. Av. Tecnológico 1340, Fuentes del Valle, 32500, Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, México
  • Department of Electric Engineering, University of La Rioja. Edificio Departamental - C/San José de Calasanz 31, Logroño 26004, La Rioja, Spain.
Cite as
García- Alcaraz J.L., Morales García A.S., Díaz Reza J.R., Audeves Rubio S.P., Jiménez Macias E., Rodríguez Medina M.A. (2021). Lean manufacturing tools for support production process and their impact on economic sustainability. Proceedings of the 33rd European Modeling & Simulation Symposium (EMSS 2021), pp. 355-364. DOI: https://doi.org/10.46354/i3m.2021.emss.049


Industry uses lean tools for improving the production processes and avoids mistakes. This paper presents a structural equation model that integrates three lean manufacturing tools used as supporting: Visual Management, Poka-Yoke, and Andon as independent variables and Economic Sustainability as a dependent variable. The main goal is to measure the direct effect of supporting tools on Economic Sustainability. Variables are related using six hypotheses, and the model is validated with information from 238 responses to a survey applied to the Mexican maquiladora industry, where Visual Management, Poka-Yoke, and Andon are widely used. The partial least squares technique is used to find the relationship among variables analyzed. Findings indicate that all six hypotheses are statistically significant; for example, Visual Management directly and positively affects Andon, Poka-Yoke, and Economic sustainability. Also, Andon has a direct effect on Poka-Yoke and Economic Sustainability, and finally, Poka-Yoke has a direct effect on Economic Sustainability


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