Distance of bus stops from junctions: Simulation assessment

  • Zdeňka Stojaspalová ,
  • Josef Bulíček 
  • a,b University of Pardubice, Faculty of Transport Engineering, Studentská 95, CZ-532 10, Pardubice, Czech Republic
Cite as
Stojaspalová Z., Bulíček J. (2021). Distance of bus stops from junctions: Simulation assessment. Proceedings of the 33rd European Modeling & Simulation Symposium (EMSS 2021), pp. 75-83. DOI: https://doi.org/10.46354/i3m.2021.emss.011


The paper is focused on application of stochastic microscopic simulation model by design of a methodology to support preliminary decision-making about bus stops by using analytical data. The emphasis is put on bus stops with berth in driving lane located near road junctions. Four different bus stop types are applied for possibility to generalize the results. Relations between different operational features like e.g., traffic intensity, frequency of bus services or distance between junction and the bus stop are assessed. The relations are assessed by using stochastically generated inputs. PTV Vissim simulation software is applied.


  1. Brambila Loza, K.E., Wellens, A.G. & Pérez Juárez, S.K. (2019). Simulation of baggage delivery management for an increase in demand in a Mexican airport. EMSS 2019. 268-275. ISBN 978-88-85741-25-6.
  2. Diviš, R. & Kavička, A. (2014). Train movement dynamics within AnyLogic tool. EMSS 2014. 307-312. ISBN 978-88-97999-38-6.
  3. Dobovšek, M, Sever, D. (2005). Dimensioning of Signalized Intersections in Realistic Urban Environment. Promet - Traffic&Transportation. 1;17(3):143-8. 
  4. Fernández, R. (2010). Modelling public transport stops by microscopic simulation. Transportation Research Part C: Emerging Technologies. 18:6:856-868.
  5. Gašparík, J., Zitrický, V., Široký, J., Černá, L. (2019). Substitute bus transport task and definition. ransportation Research Procedia 40 (2019) 225–228.
  6. Gibson, J. (1996). Effect of a downstream signalized junction on a capacity of a multiple berth bus stop. Traffic management and road safety. Proceedings of seminar held at the 24th European Transport Forum, Brunel University, England. Volume P407. ISSN: 0952-3103. 
  7. Chen, Y., Li, L., Shen, Y. & Liu, B. (2017). A simulation optimization method for design and control of signalized intersections in urban areas. EMSS 2017. ISBN 978-88-97999-85-0.
  8. Kleprlík, J., Matuška, J. (2017). The demand for public transport and modeling decision-making process of passengers. Transport Means 2017. ISBN 1822-296X.
  9. Matthias, V., Bieser, J., Mocanu, T., Pregger, T., Quante, M., Ramacher, M.O.P., Seum, S. & Winkler, Ch. (2020). Modelling road transport emissions in Germany – Current day situation and scenarios for 2040. Transportation Research Part D 87 (2020): 102536. 
  10. Minyu, S., Weihua, G., Sangen, H. & Han, C. (2019). Capacity approximations for near- and far-side bus stops in dedicated bus lanes. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological. Volume 125. Pages 94-120. ISSN 0191-2615. 
  11. Ratrout, N.T. & Reza, I. (2014). Comparison of optimal signal plans by Synchro & TRANSYT-7F using PARAMICS – A case study. rocedia Computer Science  32 (2014) 372 – 379. 
  12. Weihua, G., Vikash, V., Cassidy, M. J. & Saade, N. (2014). On the impacts of bus stops near signalized intersections: Models of car and bus delays. Transportation Research Part B: Methodological. Volume 68. Pages 123-140. ISSN 0191-2615. 
  13. Wong, S. C., Yang, H., Au, Y., Cheuk, S. L., & Lo, M. K. (1998). Delay at Signal-Controlled Intersection with Bus Stop Upstream. Journal of Transportation Engineering, Volume 124:3(229). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-947X(1998)124:3(229)
  14. Xiao-mei, Z., Zi-you, G. & Ke-ping, L. (2008). The capacity of two neighbour intersections considering the influence of the bus stop. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications. Volume 387. Issue 18. Pages 4649-4656. ISSN 0378-4371. 
  15. Xiao-mei, Z., Zi-you, G. & Bin, J. (2007). The capacity drop caused by the combined effect of the intersection and the bus stop in a CA model. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications. Volume 385. Pages 645-658. ISSN 0378-4371.