3D Printed Model of Human Anatomy for Training Nursing Students: Skeletal, Respiratory and Circulatory Systems 

  • Lori Lioce ,
  • Kimberly Budisalich,
  • Marquis Myler,
  • Cooper Gunter,
  • Dietmar Moeller,
  • Gary Maddux
  • Bernard Schroer 
  • a,b  College of Nursing, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville AL, 35899, USA
  • c,d,f  Systems Management and Production Center, University of Alabama in Huntsville AL, 35899, USA
  • e  Institutes of Applied Stochastics and Operations Research, Technical University of Clausthal, Clausthal, Germany
  • g  Center for Management and Economic Research, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville AL, 35899, USA
Cite as
Lioce L., Budisalich K., Myler M., Gunter C., Moeller D., Maddux G., Schroer B. (2021). 3D Printed Model of Human Anatomy for Training Nursing Students: Skeletal, Respiratory and Circulatory Systems . Proceedings of the 33rd European Modeling & Simulation Symposium (EMSS 2021), pp. 9-16. DOI: https://doi.org/10.46354/i3m.2021.emss.002


This paper presents the development of a full-scale, realistic 3D printed model of the human anatomy for training nursing students using simulation based learning experiences (SBLEs). SBLEs are structured activities that represent actual or potential situations in nursing practice. These activities allow nursing students to develop knowledge and skills to analyze and respond to realistic situations in a simulated environment. The 3D printed model of the human body is currently being integrated into several SBLEs in the College of Nursing at UAH. The 3D printed model of the human body includes rib cage, spine, pelvis, clavicles, scapulas, lungs, trachea, heart and aorta. Various diameters of silicone rubber cord were used to simulate the pulmonary arteries and veins to the lungs. The left subclavian branch and the brachiocephalic trunk were designed using CAD and 3D printed. Assembly issues were many including stiffness of organs causing excessive voids, maintaining full scale organs, fastening organs in correct locations and fusing silicone rubber cord to the 3D printed models. Small sleeves were designed using CAD and 3D printed for connecting the silicone rubber cord and as supports for fusing the PLA. 


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